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Development

1600-1700 The rich build fine houses on the main streets of the town. The poor rate and charitable giving provides relief for impoverished citizens. The workhouse is built to try and remove poverty by providing work for the poor. John Harrison builds his almshouses.



1700-1800 Rich merchants build elegant mansions, and can afford to live a life of affluence and luxury. The Park Estate provides a genteel and secluded area for those who can afford to live there. Workers cottages continue to be built in the yards and courts of the city centre, and the east end of the town sees the erection of the first back-to back houses. The workhouse re-opens.



1800-1900 The middle classes move out to the suburbs, where the very rich build themselves villas and mansions. More cheap back-to back terraced housing is built to accommodate the increasing numbers of the working classes. Crowded insanitary slums develop. Children are employed in the factories, under appalling conditions. A good education is only available to those who can afford it.



1900-1950 There is still a vast difference between the well-off middle classes and the working classes, in terms of housing, health and education. The council demolishes the slums and builds new housing in the suburbs. Quarry Hill flats are built to replace slums in the city centre. The workhouse no longer exists as such, but becomes St. James' Hospital.





Click images to enlarge
The Workhouse
The Workhouse
Bischoff's House
Bischoff's House
Shear's Court
Shear's Court
Quarry Hill Flats
Quarry Hill Flats




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© 2003 Leeds City Council | Site created by: LCC electronic information team | 25 March 2003