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Red Hall, Guildford Street, Upperhead Row (Headrow)

Subject ID:
City Centre
Subject Year:
Leeds Library & Information Services
Class number:
Old Leeds No.25 (LQ 942.819 PL10) & Old Leeds Views, Part 2, No. 58, SRF 914.2819 WOR
Red Hall, Guildford Street, Upperhead Row (Headrow)
Undated. View of the north side of Red Hall situated in Guildford Street on Upperhead Row, now part of the Headrow. It is believed to be the first red brick building in Leeds, hence the name. Red Hall was built in 1628 for wool merchant, Alderman Thomas Metcalfe. The grounds, including orchards, stretched as far as Albion Place and the street, King Charles Croft, is now built on the site of the original garden. During the Civil War, on the night of the 9th February 1646, King Charles I was held in captivity by the Scots at Red Hall while en route from Newark to Newcastle. The Leeds benefactor, John Harrison is believed to have offered the King a tankard of gold with which to bribe his captors. This act is commemorated in a stained glass window in St John's Church. In late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries the house was being used as offices and when this photograph was taken it was occupied by Newstead and Wilson, a firm of solicitors (James Shaw Newstead & Edmund Wilson, 1882 Directory of Leeds). Red Hall was purchased in 1912 by Snowden Schofield (1870-1949)who was gradually expanding his drapery business around this area of Upperhead Row, so as to build a large department store. The room which Charles had occupied, known as the 'King's Chamber' became part of the 'Old English Cafe' in the store. The house was demolished in 1961 for further development of Schofields. Photograph by Wormald of Leeds.

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