Undated. View of one of the four ventilation shaft outlets that were built along the nearly two mile long route of Morley Tunnel. Originally it stood on its own in the middle of a field on Hopewell Farm, but this farm has now been transformed into a modern housing estate. The ventilation shaft is both taller and wider than a pair of houses. From ground level downwards it would be solid rock and this had to be dug down about 400 feet to get to the depth of the tunnel. All this excavated material plus that from the tunnel and three other ventilation shafts would have to be brought to the surface and distributed over the nearby landscape. Clay and sandstone were piled in heaps all over. The demand for paving stone, stone setts, building stone and bricks for houses etc. by private contractors and the Local Board over the 40 years after the tunnel was completed helped to diminish the mounds of material it left behind. Photograph from the David Atkinson Archive.
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