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Barnbow Munitions Factory, group photograph of workers

Subject ID:
Cross Gates
Subject Year:
P. E. Holmes
Class number:
LEO 5360
Barnbow Munitions Factory, group photograph of workers
Undated. View of a group of workers taken at the Barnbow Munitions Factory during the First World War. The National Shell Filling Factory was built on 313 acres of land belonging to the Gascoigne Estate and many of the workers there were women. It was dangerous work and 35 women were tragically killed in an explosion on 5th December, 1916. Another two young women lost their lives on 31st March 1917 and three men died in another accident just one year later, on 31st March 1918. In the centre, the young girl who is not wearing a cap can be identified as Marcella Elizabeth Smith, later Holmes. She was born in 1898 and was in her late teens at the time this photograph was taken. She lived in Back Craven Street in Woodhouse. On the back two rows the majority are older men, most wearing flat caps and some are in aprons. On the front row five children sit cross-legged.

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