|||Adel Grange (Adel) (1 comment)
|1967. View of Adel Grange, a large stone built house, situated on Adel Grange Close.
It is noted as being the home, between 1865 and 1922, of The Ford sisters including Isabella Ford, Emily Ford and Bessie Ford reputed trade unionists, socialists, anti-slavery campaigners, women's suffrage movement members and peace activists.
Isabella Ford was a founder member of the Leeds Tailoresses Union and the Leeds Women's Suffrage Society, and later became involved with the Independant Labour Party. Isabella invited Christabel Pankhurst to stay in 1906 when she visited Leeds to speak on suffrage.
The Quaker family's background led them to be pacifists and they campaigned for peace and disarmament during the First World War.
Fund raising events took place here for various causes including The Leeds Arts Fund, Women's education and the LWSS which was founded by the Ford sisters.
Adel Grange is now a residential care home.
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|||Armley Jail, Postcard (Armley) (2 comments)
Postcard view of Armley Jail taken from the recreation ground in front. The architects were Perkins and Backhouse. It opened in 1847 and cost £43,000. This was for the land and the buildings. The green structure to the right of the brick wall is a shelter built in the recreation ground and marked on a map dated 1908.
Between the building of the prison and the wall of the recreation ground the 'jail field' can just be seen.
Armley Goal was the incarceration place for most Yorkshire Suffragettes. Lilian Lenton and Leonora Cohen were both jailed here and began hunger strikes. Prison authorities asked if they could take finger prints of 'May Dennis' (Lilian Lenton) before her release under the 'Cat and Mouse Act'. The answer came back yes. It was also suspected that the covert photograph of Lenton was taken in Armley Goal. The Prison Commission stipulated that 'Photographs should be taken in every case. However they cannot be taken by force but instructs the officer who takes the photograph to take a photograph without the knowledge of the prisoner'. Leonor Cohen and four other suffragettes not only refused food but also drink. The goal was also a popular place for suffragette rally's and protests.
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|||Blackman Lane, All Souls Church (Woodhouse)
View of All Souls Church on Blackman Lane. This church was built as a memorial to Dr. Walter Hook, vicar of Leeds between 1837 and 1859. It was designed by Sir George Gilbert Scott and completed by his son John Olrid Scott. The foundation stone was laid on 2nd September 1876 and the church was consecrated on 29th January 1880.
Sited in one of the poorer districts of Leeds, All Souls is the baptism place of Emily Ford, co-founder of the Leeds Sufferage Society in 1890
The Church holds 8 folding panels depicting religious subjects painted by Ford.
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|||Clarendon Road, Claremont Villas (Woodhouse)
|27th August 1955.
View shows south west side of Claremont Villas off Clarendon Road. The end of Back Claremont Villas can be seen. There is a motorbike in the foreground.
No 2. Claremont Villas was home to suffragette Leonora Cohen from 1923-1936. Her blue plaque reads- 'Leading suffragette famous for smashing a showcase in the Jewel House at the Tower of London and for her hunger strike at Armley Gaol in 1913. 1873-1978.'
A note tied around the iron bar used to smash the case carried the message 'This is my protest against the Government's treachery to the working women of Great Britain'.
In later life Leonora became the first woman president of the Yorkshire Federation of Trade Councils and the following year was appointed a magistrate, one of the first women appointed to the bench. She was a JP for 25 years and by the mid 1920s had been awarded an OBE for services to public life.
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|||Cookridge Street, former Gaumont Cinema (City Centre) (4 comments)
View of the Gaumont Cinema on Cookridge Street. When it first opened on Wednesday 15th July 1885 the Coliseum was run as a concert hall and variety theatre. It was built to designs by architect, W. Bakewell and originally seated an audience of 3,000 although the seating was later reduced to 1,700. The Gaumont opened as the Coliseum cinema advertising 'new century animated pictures' in 1905 when the proprietor was Sydney Carter. He later moved his successful enterprise to the Assembly Rooms on New Briggate (1907). The management in the early 1930s became Gaumont Ltd and the name of the cinema changed to The Gaumont-Coliseum on Monday 24th October 1938 and re-opened with showings of Walt Disney's 'Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs', released in 1937, and 'Rhythm on the Ranch' with Gene Autry and Smiley Burnette. It closed on Saturday 23rd December 1961 with 'Pied Piper of Hamblin' starring Van Johnson. Subsequently, the Gaumont became a Bingo Hall until 1969 and this image was taken after it had closed. The premises have since been the venue of the Town and Country Club (1992 - 2000) and, more recently, Creation nightclub (2001 - 2007. Presently, (2013) it is the O2 Academy and has been since 2008 when the Kaiser Chiefs performed at the opening gig on the 8th October.
The Coliseum was the site of at least two suffragette related disturbances both coinciding with the visits of Prime Minister Herbert Asquith. The first disturbances took place on Saturday 10th October 1908 when Asquith was in Leeds to address a meeting at the Coliseum. A large crowd of suffragettes had gathered in Vernon Street where they joined with the Unemployed Leader Alfred Kitson and a crowd of men marching for the 'right to work'. They marched to the Coliseum to try and speak with Asquith and present a petition. It ended with the arrests of suffragette Mrs Jennie Baines and Alfred Kitson for disorderly conduct and unlawful assembly. In November 1908 Baines became the first member of the WSPU to be tried by jury. Refusing to be bound over, she was convicted to six weeks imprisonment because "She did not recognise the laws of this Court administered by Men". Kitson was also charged with assaulting a police officer.
Asquith visited the Coliseum again on 27 November 1913, thousands of suffragettes gathered in Victoria Square before continuing the demonstration along Great George Street to the Coliseum. As they passed the Labour Exchange offices at the corner of Great George Street and Portland Crescent, large stones were thrown shattering the fifteen feet tall windows. Suffragette Leonora Cohen was arrested for smashing the windows and Jessie Hunter for assaulting the police and other disturbances.
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|||Education Board Offices and former School Board Offices, junction of Great George Street with Calverley Street (City Centre) (1 comment)
View of the Education Department, formerly the School Board Offices, at the junction of Great George Street, left, and Calverley Street, foreground right. George Corson was the winner of a competition to design this and the Municipal Buildings. His original intention was that it should be one great building fronting Calverley Street but the two buildings were re-designed because of the opposition to the closure of Alexander Street, right edge. The building dates from 1876 and it was here that the new Leeds Board Schools, as a result of Forster's Education Act of 1870, were administered. A huge and lofty examination room for children and trainee teachers was a feature of the building. The Leeds Mercury in September 1881 stated that '...the poorest school-lad will know, that the head-quarters of his school are to be found in one of the finest buildings in the country.' The School Board was abolished in 1902 and the Education Committee of the Leeds Corporation took over the administration of the 160 schools.
In 1871 Catherine Buckton became the secretary to the newly established Leeds Suffrage Society, going on in 1873 to be elected onto the Leeds School Board, she was the first woman in Leeds to hold elected public office.
the first woman to hold elected public office when she was elected to the School Board. She
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|||Granhamthorpe no. 6, Warrel's Mount nos. 1, 3, 5 (Bramley) (2 comments)
|6th December 1963
Number 6 Granhamthorpe is on the left. The shop is number 1 Warrel's Mount, a vehicle is parked outside 3, 5 is on the right.
Just out of shot to the right is No 9. Warrel's Mount, home to suffragette Mary Gawthorpe's blue plaque. This is the home Mary rented with her mother during the time she joined Leeds Arts Club. Mary developed a skill at public speaking through her involvement with a trade union and contact with the early socialist movement in the city. After being inspired by Christabel Pankhurst, Mary joined the campaign for women's suffrage and was quickly appointed as national organiser for the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU).
Microfilmed copies of her personal documents and mementos can be viewed at the Leeds Central Library, Local and Family History Department.
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|||Headingley Cricket Ground (Headingley) (2 comments)
|Undated. Home of Yorkshire County Cricket Club and world famous Test Match venue. View of a large audience in the pavillion and terraces surrounding the cricket pitch. None of the play can be seen.
In November 1913, two suffragettes were arrested for attempted arson at Headingley Stadium, during the week of prime minister Herbert Asquith's visit. The 'Headingley Two', a dark haired woman of about twenty-five and her accomplice a 'girlish figure in green cap and sports jacket' appeared in court. Evidence used against them included postcards stating 'NO VOTE, NO SPORT, NO PEACE-FIRE, DESTRUCTION, DEVASTATION' and one addressed to Asquith himself: 'We are burning for votes for women". The two ladies also made complaints against several Armley Goal warders for using violence to obtain finger prints.
Information taken from Leonora Cohen press cutting book at Abbey House Museum.
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|||Leeds Institute ( Civic Theatre ), Cookridge Street (City Centre) (5 comments)
Cuthbert Brodrick designed this building, built in 1868 as the Leeds Institute of Science and Art ( Mechanic's Institute ).
This was a movement to provide education for the working man.
The lecture hall accommodated 1,500 people.
It later became the Civic Theatre, now (2003) to be renovated and used as the Leeds Museum.
in 1869 Leeds suffrage campaigner Constance Holland helped to organise the first suffrage meeting to be held in Leeds, here at the Mechanics Institute.
The Leeds City Museum has the main archive collection relating to Leonora Cohen, including the 'blue dress' she wore to the Leeds Arts Society Ball with the suffragette colours and icons embroidered on to it. It is also home to the hand written tag tied around the iron bar Leonora used to smash a glass case in the Jewel House at the Tower of London. The note carried the message 'This is my protest against the Government's treachery to the working women of Great Britain'.
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|||Marsh Lane, Advertising Hoardings (Bank)
|4th March 1909.
A derelict row of brick buildings on Marsh Lane, almost entirely covered with bill posters. Among these are advertising for Robin Starch, Brasso, various theatre shows and public meetings, including an engagement with famous suffragette, Christabel Pankhurst. This was organised by the National Women's Social and Political Union at the Colliseum on 23rd March. A gas lamp stands on the pavement outside the dilapidated mill which has variegated roof slates, and small windows. The road is cobbled and there are tram lines visible.
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|||Melville Street nos. 1 - 7 (Woodhouse) (3 comments)
|24th August 1965
View looks along odd numbered back-to-back houses on Melville Street, towards Speedwell Street where part of an off licence can be seen on the left edge. Numbers on Melville Street run from 1 to 7 left to right with an outside toilet block seen on the right edge. The rest of the properties on the odd numbered side went through to Melville Row.
Suffragette Mary Gawthorpe was born at 5 Melville Street in 1881. Her blue plaque reads- 'Mary Gawthorpe, socialist and suffragette. Born in Woodhouse she struggled to achieve financial independence as a school teacher. Inspired by Christabel Pankhurst, she was imprisoned in Holloway for her protests at the House of Commons and elsewhere. She was a Women's Social and Political Union organiser and sat on its national committee. 1881-1973
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|||Morley Grange, Prime Minister, Herbert Henry Asquith and his daughter at a garden party (Churwell)
|24th July 1913.
Photograph taken at Morley Grange, Elland Road, where a garden party is taking place in honour of the Prime Minister, Herbert Henry Asquith, centre. His daughter, Violet, is seated beside him holding a bouquet of flowers. The Mayor of Morley, William Law Ingle is standing behind Mr. Asquith and the Mayoress, his wife, Janet Ingle is seated beside the Prime Minister. Their small grand-daughter, Nancy, is placed next to Miss Asquith. Standing in front of the left-hand door pillar, and wearing a top hat, is Alderman Sam Rhodes, who was four times Mayor of Morley. The long-serving Morley Town Clerk, Fred Thackray, is on the second row, fourth from the right. It is said that, due to fear of demonstration by suffragettes who strongly disliked Mr. Asquith's policies, over 200 policemen were deployed around the house during his stay there. Research by Ronnie Barraclough. Photograph form the David Atkinson Archive.
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|||Morley Town Hall, Granting of Freedom of the Borough to H. H. Asquith (Morley)
|24th July 1913. The Prime Minister, the Rt. Hon. Herbert Henry Asquith, descending Morley Town Hall steps after the ceremony of receiving the Freedom of the Borough of Morley in the Alexandra Hall. Preceding Mr. Asquith are Mrs. W. L. Ingle (the Mayoress of Morley) and Violet Asquith (the prime minister's daughter who in later life becam Lady Violet Bonham-Carter). Following Mr. Asquith with a top hat in his hand is the Mayor of Morley, Alderman William Law Ingle, the owner of a large leather works at Millshaw. He lived at Morley Grange, Churwell, a large house now demolished close to the site of the new Churwell Primary School. The party were proceeding down the Town Hall steps to enter cars to take them to Mr. Ingle's residence where there was a garden party for the official guests who had been on the platform to see Mr. Asquith receive the Freedom. These included most of the Mayors and Mayoresses of the West Riding's major towns and cities. It is thought that Mr. Asquith and his daughter stayed overnight with Mr. Ingle and special police protection was given due to the recent suffragette activity. Photograph from the David Atkinson Archive.
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|||Mrs Leonora Cohen, Abbey House Museum (Kirkstall)
|29th February 1966
Former suffragettes at Abbey House Museum for the opening of the exhibition 'Votes for Women' Mrs Leonora Cohen, (1873-1978), of Leeds was at the opening along with other former suffragettes.
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|||New Briggate, Assembly Rooms, The Plaza (City Centre) (1 comment)
View shows The Plaza at the junction of New Briggate and Harrison Street. This property opened as a 1,200 seat Assembly Rooms in 1878 as part of the Grand Theatre complex. The theatre had a side entrance to the right of this building in Harrison Street. The Assembly Rooms opened as a cinema in 1907 and continued under the name Plaza from 1958, finally closing in 1985.
In the early 1900s the Leeds WSPU (Women's Social and Political Union) was based at the Grand Assembly Rooms where they produced leaflets including 'Eight Reasons Why Women Want the Vote'
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|||Park Lane nos. 18 - 12 (City Centre)
View of Park Lane. To the left is number 18 Victoria Buildings, moving right is Taylors Typewriter Copying Office, Hindle, Son and Lewis, auctioneers and rent collectors are at number 14 and to the right William Richardson, furnishers and cabinet makers are at number 12.
In 1903 no. 18 Park Lane became the original home to the Leeds Arts Club founded by A.R Orage and journalist Holbrook Johnson. The Leeds Arts Club was instrumental in introducing a lot of the Leeds suffragettes and suffragists to socialism and politics. Mary Gawthorpe, Isabella, Bessie and Emily Ford we all members and heard lectures and debates given by George Bernard Shaw. In 1905 Isabella Ford gave a talk at The Arts Club called 'Women and the State' urging women to reassert their public rights. The club remained actively sympathetic to the suffrage movement.
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|||The Headrow nos. 147 - 155 Athenaeum House (City Centre)
|1st January 1950. The South-West side of The Headrow showing Athenaeum House, number 147 Dunlop and Ranken Ltd. engineers, 151 Ellons Duplicator Co. Ltd., 153 empty, 155 T. Hamblin Ltd. opticians. A man stands in front with a measuring stick.
During the early 1900s this part of The Headrow was still part of Park Lane. This building held No.9 Park Lane and held the office of the Leeds Committee of the National Society for Women's Suffrage founded in 1871. The society was later re-founded as the Leeds Women's Suffrage Society in 1913. They joined the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies in 1898. Isabella and Bessie Ford helped to form the society in 1890 with Bessie as treasurer and Mrs Rose E. Thornton as the hon. sec.
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|||W.S.P.U Procession to Woodhouse Moor (Woodhouse)
|28th July 1908.
Image shows a group of women carrying placards and banners as they take part in the Women's Social & Political Union's Procession to Woodhouse Moor where a huge rally was held. On a fine Sunday, 28th July 1908, they began their march from the Town Hall. Bands played on Woodhouse Moor where thousands of people, both men and women, had gathered to listen to the various speakers from the 10 platforms. One of the most famous of the suffragettes to address the crowds was Adela Pankhurst, daughter of Emmeline Pankhurst and sister of Sylvia and Christabel, all leaders of the British Suffrage movement. Also speaking was Emmeline Pethick Lawrence who in 1912 was arrested with her husband and Emmeline Pankhurst for taking part in a window smashing campaign. They famously went on hunger strike while serving prison sentences. The day on Woodhouse Moor was a great success with a resolution put advocating 'Votes for Women'. It was carried by a huge majority as reported in the Leeds Mercury. The image was in a collection of newspaper cuttings which once belonged to Leonora Cohen (1873 - 1978), a suffragette who lived in Leeds but gained notoriety when in 1913, in order to publicise her cause she attempted to break the glass showcase in the Jewel House of the Tower of London containing insignia of the Order of Merit. A note wrapped around the iron bar she used read "This is my protest against the Governments treachery to the working women of Great Britain." She was arrested several times over the years, once when she went on a hunger and then a thirst strike while in custody in Armley Prison. Beneath this photograph, in her handwriting is written, "I, Leonora Cohen was arrested and charged with inciting the public to militancy under Edward 3rds act, ("a trumped up false charge") at the same period as George Lansbury abd John Scurr. A protest meeting was held in Trafalgar Square, London for the release of the three charged under the old Antediluvian Act". Leonora Cohen died at the age of 105. Between 1923 and 1926 she lived at no.2 Claremont Villas, Clarendon Road and a blue plaque is now displayed on this property in memory of her.
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|||Westfield Terrace (Chapel Allerton)
|6th January 1905. Row of tall, three-storeyed Victorian terraced houses, with bay windows and cellars/scullery rooms beneath. Narrow cobbled road runs along the front of the houses. Opposite the houses can just be seen some gardens surrounded by iron fencing. Caption on original photo reads 'Westfield Terrace Chapeltown, sewerage operations'.
No.7 Westfield Terrace was home to Frank Rutter the Director of the Leeds Art Gallery in 1912. Rutter was a member of the Leeds arts Club and the secretary of the Men's Political Union for Women's Enfranchisement. In June 1913 suffragette Lilian Lenton was granted a short release from jail as part of the 'Cat and Mouse Act' following her hunger strike at Armley Goal. She was taken to Rutter's home on Westfield Terrace and here a daring escape plan was put into action to whisk Lilian out of Leeds to avoid re-arrest. She escaped from the police watching the house by dressing as an errand boy and leaving in a Grocers Van. The Rutters claimed to have been away that day and did not get back until the evening when Lilian had gone. It was then rumoured in the press that Lilian had then caught a taxi to Harrogate and then onto Scarborough.
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|||Workhouse, St James Hospital (Burmantofts) (15 comments)
Print of the newly built workhouse, which later became part of St James Hospital. The foundation stone was laid on Easter Monday, April 5th 1858 by William Middleton, Chairman of the Board of Guardians.
In 1882 suffrage supporter Louisa Carbutt of Westfield Grove, St. Michael's Road, Headingley was the first women to be elected a Poor Law Guardian. She was followed in 1884 by Gertrude Wilson of 6 Montpelier Terrace, Hyde Park and Magaret Baines, daughter of the Leeds Mercury Owner.
This building is now occupied by the Thackray Medical Museum.
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