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Results Found (7), Result Page (1 of 1)
Search Aspect (SUFFRAGETTES )
Location - Leeds & District

Armley Jail, Postcard (Armley) (2 comments)
Colour imageUndated. Postcard view of Armley Jail taken from the recreation ground in front. The architects were Perkins and Backhouse. It opened in 1847 and cost £43,000. This was for the land and the buildings. The green structure to the right of the brick wall is a shelter built in the recreation ground and marked on a map dated 1908. Between the building of the prison and the wall of the recreation ground the 'jail field' can just be seen. Armley Goal was the incarceration place for most Yorkshire Suffragettes. Lilian Lenton and Leonora Cohen were both jailed here and began hunger strikes. Prison authorities asked if they could take finger prints of 'May Dennis' (Lilian Lenton) before her release under the 'Cat and Mouse Act'. The answer came back yes. It was also suspected that the covert photograph of Lenton was taken in Armley Goal. The Prison Commission stipulated that 'Photographs should be taken in every case. However they cannot be taken by force but instructs the officer who takes the photograph to take a photograph without the knowledge of the prisoner'. Leonor Cohen and four other suffragettes not only refused food but also drink. The goal was also a popular place for suffragette rally's and protests.
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Cookridge Street, former Gaumont Cinema (City Centre) (4 comments)
Black & White image1970. View of the Gaumont Cinema on Cookridge Street. When it first opened on Wednesday 15th July 1885 the Coliseum was run as a concert hall and variety theatre. It was built to designs by architect, W. Bakewell and originally seated an audience of 3,000 although the seating was later reduced to 1,700. The Gaumont opened as the Coliseum cinema advertising 'new century animated pictures' in 1905 when the proprietor was Sydney Carter. He later moved his successful enterprise to the Assembly Rooms on New Briggate (1907). The management in the early 1930s became Gaumont Ltd and the name of the cinema changed to The Gaumont-Coliseum on Monday 24th October 1938 and re-opened with showings of Walt Disney's 'Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs', released in 1937, and 'Rhythm on the Ranch' with Gene Autry and Smiley Burnette. It closed on Saturday 23rd December 1961 with 'Pied Piper of Hamblin' starring Van Johnson. Subsequently, the Gaumont became a Bingo Hall until 1969 and this image was taken after it had closed. The premises have since been the venue of the Town and Country Club (1992 - 2000) and, more recently, Creation nightclub (2001 - 2007. Presently, (2013) it is the O2 Academy and has been since 2008 when the Kaiser Chiefs performed at the opening gig on the 8th October. The Coliseum was the site of at least two suffragette related disturbances both coinciding with the visits of Prime Minister Herbert Asquith. The first disturbances took place on Saturday 10th October 1908 when Asquith was in Leeds to address a meeting at the Coliseum. A large crowd of suffragettes had gathered in Vernon Street where they joined with the Unemployed Leader Alfred Kitson and a crowd of men marching for the 'right to work'. They marched to the Coliseum to try and speak with Asquith and present a petition. It ended with the arrests of suffragette Mrs Jennie Baines and Alfred Kitson for disorderly conduct and unlawful assembly. In November 1908 Baines became the first member of the WSPU to be tried by jury. Refusing to be bound over, she was convicted to six weeks imprisonment because "She did not recognise the laws of this Court administered by Men". Kitson was also charged with assaulting a police officer. Asquith visited the Coliseum again on 27 November 1913, thousands of suffragettes gathered in Victoria Square before continuing the demonstration along Great George Street to the Coliseum. As they passed the Labour Exchange offices at the corner of Great George Street and Portland Crescent, large stones were thrown shattering the fifteen feet tall windows. Suffragette Leonora Cohen was arrested for smashing the windows and Jessie Hunter for assaulting the police and other disturbances.
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Headingley Cricket Ground (Headingley) (2 comments)
Black & White imageUndated. Home of Yorkshire County Cricket Club and world famous Test Match venue. View of a large audience in the pavillion and terraces surrounding the cricket pitch. None of the play can be seen. In November 1913, two suffragettes were arrested for attempted arson at Headingley Stadium, during the week of prime minister Herbert Asquith's visit. The 'Headingley Two', a dark haired woman of about twenty-five and her accomplice a 'girlish figure in green cap and sports jacket' appeared in court. Evidence used against them included postcards stating 'NO VOTE, NO SPORT, NO PEACE-FIRE, DESTRUCTION, DEVASTATION' and one addressed to Asquith himself: 'We are burning for votes for women". The two ladies also made complaints against several Armley Goal warders for using violence to obtain finger prints. Information taken from Leonora Cohen press cutting book at Abbey House Museum.
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Morley Grange, Prime Minister, Herbert Henry Asquith and his daughter at a garden party (Churwell)
Black & White image24th July 1913. Photograph taken at Morley Grange, Elland Road, where a garden party is taking place in honour of the Prime Minister, Herbert Henry Asquith, centre. His daughter, Violet, is seated beside him holding a bouquet of flowers. The Mayor of Morley, William Law Ingle is standing behind Mr. Asquith and the Mayoress, his wife, Janet Ingle is seated beside the Prime Minister. Their small grand-daughter, Nancy, is placed next to Miss Asquith. Standing in front of the left-hand door pillar, and wearing a top hat, is Alderman Sam Rhodes, who was four times Mayor of Morley. The long-serving Morley Town Clerk, Fred Thackray, is on the second row, fourth from the right. It is said that, due to fear of demonstration by suffragettes who strongly disliked Mr. Asquith's policies, over 200 policemen were deployed around the house during his stay there. Research by Ronnie Barraclough. Photograph form the David Atkinson Archive.
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Mrs Leonora Cohen, Abbey House Museum (Kirkstall)
Black & White image29th February 1966 Former suffragettes at Abbey House Museum for the opening of the exhibition 'Votes for Women' Mrs Leonora Cohen, (1873-1978), of Leeds was at the opening along with other former suffragettes.
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Park Lane nos. 18 - 12 (City Centre)
Black & White image1928. View of Park Lane. To the left is number 18 Victoria Buildings, moving right is Taylors Typewriter Copying Office, Hindle, Son and Lewis, auctioneers and rent collectors are at number 14 and to the right William Richardson, furnishers and cabinet makers are at number 12. In 1903 no. 18 Park Lane became the original home to the Leeds Arts Club founded by A.R Orage and journalist Holbrook Johnson. The Leeds Arts Club was instrumental in introducing a lot of the Leeds suffragettes and suffragists to socialism and politics. Mary Gawthorpe, Isabella, Bessie and Emily Ford we all members and heard lectures and debates given by George Bernard Shaw. In 1905 Isabella Ford gave a talk at The Arts Club called 'Women and the State' urging women to reassert their public rights. The club remained actively sympathetic to the suffrage movement.
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W.S.P.U Procession to Woodhouse Moor (Woodhouse)
Black & White image28th July 1908. Image shows a group of women carrying placards and banners as they take part in the Women's Social & Political Union's Procession to Woodhouse Moor where a huge rally was held. On a fine Sunday, 28th July 1908, they began their march from the Town Hall. Bands played on Woodhouse Moor where thousands of people, both men and women, had gathered to listen to the various speakers from the 10 platforms. One of the most famous of the suffragettes to address the crowds was Adela Pankhurst, daughter of Emmeline Pankhurst and sister of Sylvia and Christabel, all leaders of the British Suffrage movement. Also speaking was Emmeline Pethick Lawrence who in 1912 was arrested with her husband and Emmeline Pankhurst for taking part in a window smashing campaign. They famously went on hunger strike while serving prison sentences. The day on Woodhouse Moor was a great success with a resolution put advocating 'Votes for Women'. It was carried by a huge majority as reported in the Leeds Mercury. The image was in a collection of newspaper cuttings which once belonged to Leonora Cohen (1873 - 1978), a suffragette who lived in Leeds but gained notoriety when in 1913, in order to publicise her cause she attempted to break the glass showcase in the Jewel House of the Tower of London containing insignia of the Order of Merit. A note wrapped around the iron bar she used read "This is my protest against the Governments treachery to the working women of Great Britain." She was arrested several times over the years, once when she went on a hunger and then a thirst strike while in custody in Armley Prison. Beneath this photograph, in her handwriting is written, "I, Leonora Cohen was arrested and charged with inciting the public to militancy under Edward 3rds act, ("a trumped up false charge") at the same period as George Lansbury abd John Scurr. A protest meeting was held in Trafalgar Square, London for the release of the three charged under the old Antediluvian Act". Leonora Cohen died at the age of 105. Between 1923 and 1926 she lived at no.2 Claremont Villas, Clarendon Road and a blue plaque is now displayed on this property in memory of her.
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