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Results Found (3), Result Page (1 of 1)
Search Aspect ( Broom Pit )
Location - Leeds & District

[1]
Broom Pit, Fireclay Staff (Middleton) (6 comments)
Black & White image1913. Group portrait of the staff of Broom Pit and Middleton Fireclay (bricks) companies. Some of the men can be identified as follows, beginning with those seated on chairs at the front; second from the left in a light suit is Mr Clegg who worked for the Middleton Fireclay Company making sanitary ware and fireplaces; 5th from the left, holding a cane, is Alfred Crossland and to the right of him, his brother; next right, in the centre, is Mr Hinchcliff; continuing to move right, the man with the white beard is Mr Merivale, the owner; on the right of Mr Merivale is Marshall Nicholson of Middleton Hall, Main Manager; immediately right of Nicholson, but seated on the cobbles, is Sidney Lockwood. He was married 2 weeks before this photograph was taken and died at the age of 52; Behind him, to the right, with cane and mustache, is Mr Clegg senior of Ebor House; on the seated row, 2nd in from right is Mr Spark; the boy in the bottom right-hand corner is Cyril Dixon who lived at Ebor Cottage adjoining Ebor House. 8th in from the left, on the third row from the back is deputy, Ned Moss. (In 1913 all deputies earned £2 0s 5d each week). Moving to the second row from the back, on the far left, is Mr Stead junior; then 3rd in from left with white whiskers is Alf Steel; 2nd row from the back, 5th from the left is George Butterfield; to the right of him is Luke Naylor. 4th from the left on the back row is Mr Stead who worked for the Middleton Fireclay Company. The engine house and winding gear of the pit are in the background. The Middleton area had been rich in coal deposits, before the mine shafts were sunk coal had been obtained from bell pits and literally taken from the surface. The Brandling family, notably Charles began commercial mining by 1808 it was said that sales of coal from Middleton amounted to around £24,000 year. The main markets were Leeds and centres in East Yorkshire which could be reached by water. In 1755 Brandling had been responsible for building the first wagonway to connect his mines to the River Aire at Thwaite Gate. The collabaration of Brandling's manager John Blenkinsop and engineer Matthew Murray led to the development of the first commercially viable steam railway in 1812. Blenkinsop designed a rack and pinion railway and Murray built the steam engines to run on it in his Round Foundry at Holbeck. The coal was then transported though to staithes on the River Aire near Leeds Bridge at a much lower cost to the customer. In 1820 there were 300 miners working underground and 80 surface workers in the Middleton pits. The Middleton Estate and Colliery company bought Broom Pit in 1867. Brandling had built cottages to house workers in the hamlet of Belle Isle, close to Broom possibly the earliest dated from 1762, most were erected 1793-4. The pit was to be owned by the National Coal Board, it was finally closed in 1968. The site of the old Belle Isle village was cleared and waste from the pit was used as fill around the area. Broom Pit became an open tip site and was later landscaped. In the foreground is a model of the steam engine,'Salamanca', one of the first Murray built for the railway and used here in 1812. It is named after the Battle of Salamanca (Peninsular War) of that year. Information on the individuals photographed in this image came originally from the family of Sidney Lockwood.
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[2]
Middleton Colliery Railway, Rope Hill (Middleton) (3 comments)
Black & White image30th November 1950. Middleton Colliery Railway, looking down the steep incline from Middleton Town Street to Broom Pit. The photograph shows a signal and points, situated where winding gear was used to help draw the wagons up the incline at Rope Hill. The extension of the waggonway to Holbeck prompted the first Railway Act of 1758.
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[3]
Middleton Colliery, Broom Pit Rescue Team (Middleton) (1 comment)
Black & White imageUndated. Photograph of the Broom Pit Rescue Team of Middleton Colliery, demonstrating their equipment for use in emergencies. Originally owned by the Brandling family, Broom Pit was bought by the Middleton Estate and Colliery Company in 1867. They owned it until it was taken over by the National Coal Board. It was the last of the pits of Middleton Colliery to close, in 1968.
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