leodis logo

Leeds City Council

Open archives compliant site

Supported by BIG Lottery Fund

Enrich UK Lottery Fund

Results Found (10), Result Page (1 of 2)
Search Aspect ( waterwheel )
Location - Leeds & District

Kirkstall Forge, 17th century waterwheel and helve-hammer (Kirkstall)
Colour image1st March 2007. View of the grade II listed 17th century waterwheel and helve -hammer located at Kirkstall Forge. A Slitting Mill was built here c1676 and began to produced iron for the Yorkshire towns of Leeds, Bradford, Wakefield, York, Hull and Halifax. The market for iron also ranged further afield to Rochdale in Lancashire, Newcastle and London. Between 1704 sales averaged at £2,400 per year yielding a profit of about £187. Most of the iron worked at Kirkstall Forge came from the Spencer Combine, an important group of furnaces and forges in South Yorkshire run by the Spencers of Cannon Hall near Barnsley. Cast iron was also sourced at Hull after its arrival from Holland. Pig iron was shipped in from America. The War of the Spanish succession ended in 1712 and Kirkstall Forge took advantage of tons of scrap iron in the form of bullets that also arrived via Hull.
[internal reference; 2008227_166213:KIRKSTALL FORGE PK 1/15]
Kirkstall Forge, cast-iron bevel gears (Kirkstall)
Colour image1st March 2007 Image shows cast-iron bevel gears for the cast-iron undershot waterwheel which powered the helve-hammer dating from 1740. These are grade II listed and are part of the long heritage of Kirkstall Forge. The stone building to which the mechanism is fixed is also Grade II listed. One of the first Slitting Mills in the country was erected here in 1676 by Thomas Dickin and William Cotton.
[internal reference; 2008227_166199:KIRKSTALL FORGE PK1/14]
Kirkstall Forge, interior of listed building (Kirkstall)
Colour image1st March 2007 View of the interior of a listed building at the site of Kirkstall Forge which closed in 2002. The building is an important part of the 850 year old history of the forge and dates back to 1676 when cousins Thomas Dickin and William Cotton constructed a Slitting Mill. At the same time a weir was built at Newlay to power the waterwheel which was to drive the Helve-Hammer. The project was heavily financed by John Spencer of Cannon Hall who was a cousin of William Cotton and put up £836. Beneath the round-arch opening on the left there is a glimpse of the old cast-iron undershot waterwheel and helve-hammer which are also grade II listed.
[internal reference; 2008227_166194:KIRKSTALL FORGE PK/12]
Kirkstall Forge, listed building housing the seventeenth century waterwheel and Helve-Hammer (Kirkstall) (1 comment)
Colour image1st March 2007 Image shows a roofless building in dressed stone located at Kirkstall Forge. The grade II listed building dates back to around 1676 and is part of the centuries-old history of the forge. It houses a helve-hammer which was driven by the cast-iron undershot waterwheel, seen on the left. Iron rods were manufactured at the Slitting Mill built by Dickin and Cotton c1676. Early accounts date from 1700 and show that wages were paid at 25 shillings per ton for the manufacture of rods and 20 shillings per ton for bar iron. These relics are to be preserved when the site is developed as a mixed-use residential scheme. Kirkstall Forge closed in 2002 after over 850 years of industry.
[internal reference; 2008227_166189:KIRKSTALL FORGE PK1/10]
Kirkstall Forge, listed Helve-Hammer and Waterwheel. (Kirkstall)
Colour image1st March 2007. View of the listed Helve-Hammer and waterwheel over the former mill goit at Kirkstall Forge. They date from 1676 when cousins, Thomas Dickin and William Cotton took over the forge. Dickin and Cotton built a slitting mill and a weir crossing the River Aire at Newlay to power the waterwheel. The waterwheel turned rolls which flattened the hammered bars of iron into thick plate. The rolls were then replaced with wrought iron slitting cutters with steel edges and the plate was passed through and sheared into rods or narrow strips of iron. From this items such as nails could be manufactured. Around 1700 the slitting mill at Kirkstall Forge was producing as much as 150 tons annually. There were only 16 slitting mills in England by 1785 so the one at Kirkstall would have been quite important.
[internal reference; 2008227_166200:KIRKSTALL FORGE PK 1/8]